NCHR is a statutory National Human Rights Institution having a consultative status with the Greek State on issues pertaining to human rights protection and promotion. The creation of NCHR emanated from the need to monitor developments regarding human rights protection at the domestic and international level, to inform Greek public opinion on human rights-related issues and, above all, to provide guidelines to the Greek State aimed at the establishment of a modern, principled policy of human rights protection. The creation of the NCHR was based on the Paris Principles, adopted by the United Nations and the Council of Europe.
According to Law 2667/1998, by which it was established, NCHR has the following substantive competence:
1. The study of human rights issues raised by the government, by the Convention of the Presidents of the Greek Parliament, by NCHR members or by non-governmental organisations.
2.The submission of recommendations and proposals, elaboration of studies, submission of reports and opinions for legislative, administrative or other measures which may lead to the amelioration of human rights protection in Greece.
3. The development of initiatives for the sensitisation of the public opinion and the mass media on issues related to human rights.
4. The cultivation of respect for human rights in the context of national educational system.
5. The maintenance of permanent contacts and co-operation with international organisations, similar organs of other States, as well as with national or international non-governmental organisations.
6. The submission of consultative opinions regarding human rights-related reports which Greece is to submit to international organisations.
7.The publicising of NCHR positions in any appropriate manner.
8.The drafting of an annual report on human rights protection in Greece.
9.The establishment of a Human Rights Documentation Centre.
10. The examination of the ways in which Greek legislation may be harmonised with the international law standards on human rights protection, and the subsequent submission of relevant opinions to competent State organs.